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Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Hong Lei's Regular Press Conference on December 5, 2011

Hong Lei started the press conference with the following announcement:

At the invitation of the Government of the Argentine Republic, Jiang Shusheng, Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, will attend as the Special Envoy of President Hu Jintao the inauguration ceremony of Argentine President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner in Buenos Aires on December 10.

Q: A Chinese fishing boat was reportedly detained by the Philippine side when fishing in Philippine waters lately. Sea turtles were recovered on the boat. What is China's response?

A: China attaches great importance to the case and has lodged representations to the Philippine side, urging them to ensure the safety and legitimate rights and interests of Chinese fishermen and handle the case in a quick, fair and appropriate fashion. The Chinese Embassy in the Philippines has sent staff to visit the detained fishermen.

Q: What is China's comment on the establishment of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States?

A: The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States announced its establishment on December 3. President Hu Jintao sent a message of congratulations. China believes that the establishment of the Community represents an important milestone in the integration process of the region. China applauds the positive role played by the Latin American and Caribbean region in international and regional affairs and believes that the Community will make significant contribution to regional solidarity and coordination as well as the joint efforts to meet global challenges.

China values its relations with Latin America and stands ready to conduct dialogue, exchanges and cooperation with the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States as well as all countries within the region so as to pull together for the establishment and development of China-Latin America comprehensive cooperative partnership featuring equality, mutual benefit and common development.

Q: First, Australia recently decided to officially remove the ban on uranium export to India. What is China's comment? Second, India has reportedly turned down the proposal of signing a US-Australia-India trilateral security treaty. How does China respond?

A: On the first question, China always believes that every country is entitled to using nuclear energy peacefully and carrying out relevant international cooperation, while observing the international obligation of nuclear non-proliferation.

On the second question, China has noted relevant remarks by the Indian side.

Q: It is reported that the State Duma election was held in Russia on December 4. According to the current ballot counts, the United Russia Party takes the lead. What is China's comment?

A: The State Duma election was held successfully in Russia. We believe that the results will be conducive to Russia's social solidarity, national stability and economic development. China respects the choice of the Russian people and will work together with them to push for the sustained, healthy and stable advancement of China-Russia comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination.

Q: It is reported that Ma Xiaotian, Deputy Chief of Staff of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) will meet with Indian Defence officials. Please confirm.

A: It was announced at the recent press conference of the Ministry of National Defence that the fourth China-India Defence and Security Consultation would be held in New Delhi, India on December 9. Ma Xiaotian, Deputy Chief of Staff of the PLA will lead a delegation to India and co-host the Consultation with Indian Defence Secretary Sharma. The two sides will exchange views on the regional landscape, bilateral defence exchanges and cooperation and other issues.

Q: As a result of the recent escalation of tensions between Sudan and South Sudan as well as their intensified conflicts in the field of oil, Sudan decided to suspend South Sudan's export of oil through the oil pipelines in its territory and the Government of South Sudan threatened to shut down oil wells in response. What is China's comment? What measures will China take?

A: China is concerned over the recent tensions between Sudan and South Sudan, in particular, the stalled negotiation on oil and other related issues. Oil is the economic lifeline of the two sides and maintaining normal oil production is in the common interests of them both. We hope the two sides will keep calm, exercise restraint and resolve relevant disputes properly through consultation and negotiation based on mutual understanding and accommodation in a bid to uphold the larger interests of peace between them. Ambassador Liu Guijin, Special Envoy of the Chinese Government for African affairs, will pay a visit to the two countries soon to promote peace talks.

Q: First, regarding the Durban Conference on Climate Change, the Chinese delegation expressed the willingness to enter into consultation on a legally binding deal of emission reduction commitment with an open attitude. What are the preconditions for China to accept such a deal? Second, the military of Iran claimed recently to have shot down a trespassing US spy drone. Does China support such an act of Iran? Do you think the US move violated Iran's sovereignty?

A: On your first question, please refer to the press conference held by Vice Chairman Xie Zhenhua of the National Development and Reform Commission in Durban, South Africa on China's negotiation position regarding climate change. I want to stress that China's position on the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol has been consistent and unchanged. China believes that all parties should continue to adhere to the principles of "common but differentiated responsibilities" and fairness under the mandate of the Bali Roadmap and focus on ensuring that developed countries within the Kyoto Protocol undertake legally binding quantified emission reduction targets in the second commitment period, that developed countries outside the Protocol make comparable commitment under the UNFCCC and making effective arrangement so that developed nations provide financial support and technology transfer to developing countries. As a developing country, China, in an active and constructive manner, will continue to step up communication with all parties and seek common ground so as to push for a comprehensive, balanced and positive outcome of the Durban Conference along the dual track of the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol.

On your second question, we have noted relevant report. Please verify information with the parties concerned.

Q: When will the meeting of special representatives on the China-India boundary issue be held?

A: China attaches great importance to the 15th meeting of special representatives on the China-India boundary issue. The two sides are in contact on the specific date.

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